Easing endotracheal intubation is necessary in the patient who is awake and in the patient who has increased intracranial pressure, for example. Blocking sensation to the larynx will not only make the intubation more comfortable but also, inihibit reflexes that increase the intracranial pressure.
Any difficult intubation is also aided by these techniques. Most of these techniques, however, are not done by all physicians and an anesthesiologist or similarly-trained physician must frequently intervene.
TECHNIQUES TO EASE INTUBATION IN THE AWAKE PATIENT:
SUPERIOR LARYNGEAL NERVE BLOCK
GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL NERVE (GAG) BLOCK
INTUBATION WITH SEDATION AND NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE
If else fails, one should perform tracheostomy